Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and also over 1 million people die, many of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease can be found depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main locations where malaria disease can be found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where host mosquito, of the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 of which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle inside the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You can find four types of malaria parasite that can infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time necessary for development of the parasite in the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that may kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to connection with insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that using the same technology some day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By making use of fungus combined with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology can be used once to combat other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.